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Sports Academic Research Panel
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Sports Academic Research Panel
Are you an academic research sports,
athletics, and society? Or perhaps just interested on this frontier
of research and development? This panel will allow the top academics
in this space to present their research and have a discussion to
further their goals.
"Guards" in the Lookerroom: Sexuality Games
and Foucault's Panopticon
Dean for Student Services and Sport Psychologist
Mark has been an administrator and faculty for over twenty-five
years in the Northeast and Midwest. Currently a Dean for Student
Services at Rutgers College and on faculty in the Psychology
Department where he teaches “Public Heroines, Private Shame:
Intersectionality of Sport and Sexuality.” Mark has a Masters in
Sport Psychology and Cultural Studies of Sport from the University
of Iowa and his PhD. coursework is in Higher Education
Administration, also from Iowa. He works closely with all five LGBT
groups at Rutgers University, including founder of the
university-wide Social Justice Committee. Fellow founders of T.H.E.
(Teaching Human Equity) Institute in Provincetown just call him a
“big ole lesbian.” Taught in seven disciplines, including courses in
writing, education, and sexuality studies in Iowa to gender,
androgyny and creativity at Parsons School of Design. Speaking of
discipline, when he trained NYPD, corporate friends wanted to know
what he knew about teaching policemen besides how to use handcuffs.
In Boston, in1980, he was one of twelve who founded The Standing
Committee on LGBT Awareness of the American College Personnel
Association and helped launched its first AIDS Task Force. Mark has
been openly gay, professionally, since the late seventies at NYU
where, as an administrator, you were gay-until-proven-innocent. Mark
worked as an interpreter for the Olympic Committee in 1976 in
Montreal and Lake Placid in 1980. Accidentally a bronze medalist in
racquetball at NY Gay Games in 1994, taught skiing in Vermont for
years at Smuggler’s Notch, and is a jock since gone to seed in
track, wrestling, gymnastics, diving, tennis and downhill skiing.
The homoerotic/heterosexy gaze articulates the intersectionality of
gender and sexuality in the locker room. This presentation will
illustrate how Foucault's panopticon is a metaphor for this very
erotic space, contesting the private versus public arenas of sport.
The often dual and overlapping roles of the real "guards" and
"prisoners" will be explored in terms of sexual surveillance. LGBT
athletes will be asked to reflect on their own hegemony in trying
"to pass" as heterosexuals, thus contributing to becoming "guards"
as well as prisoners in sport. The point of deconstructing the myths
and realities of sport as a male preserve and the prisoner/queer as
"other" is to eventually reconstruct this space, focusing on the
positive aspects of power. Once the invisibility and certain terrors
of the true sexual surveillance of both heterosexuals and
homosexuals in the lookerroom are exposed, everyone will be free to
choose a role as guard, prisoner or simply athlete. Until authentic
dialectics problematize these very complicated and sexual spaces,
the invisible victims will remain terrorized, assaulted, and silent
in what is even sometimes a deadly "game."
Disentangling Sexuality from Masculinity
University of California Irvine
Eric Anderson, Ph.D. studies issues of sport, masculinities, and
homophobia and is one of the few researchers to study gay male
athletes. He has authored several books and research studies, but
pertinent to his work with gay athletes is his (2000) autobiography
Trailblazing: America's First Openly Gay High School Coach; and his
upcoming book In the Game: Sport, Homophobia, and Gay Male Athletes.
He writes for mainstream queer publications, speaks at queer events
and conferences, and helps organize and educate gay athletes through
his website CoachGumby.com. Eric lives with his now (hopefully
legally) married partner Grant Tyler Peterson in Southern California
but will be moving to either StoneyBrook or NYU in the Fall.
In North American society, being "masculine" is often defined as (1)
the opposite of being "feminine" and (2) avoiding sexual contact
with other men. Recent trends in attitudes toward homophobia and
masculinity, however, suggest that these orientations may be
changing in North American culture. Drawing from a two-year
ethnographic study of heterosexual male college cheerleaders, I
demonstrate the structures and process that enable heterosexual men
to disengage from hegemonic masculinity and to move from a
disposition of homophobia to acceptance of male homosexuality. I
show that associated with these changing attitudes and practices,
many men are beginning to disentangle heterosexuality from
masculinity. I demonstrate how avowedly straight men, in some
instances, engage in gay sex and openly view such encounters as
non-threatening to their own personal identities and public status
as heterosexuals. In doing so, these men actively contest the
limited terrain of traditional gendered and sexual identities,
disentangling sexuality from masculinity and nuancing the difference
between sexual orientation, behavior and identity. The study carries
theoretical implications for the conditions under which
heterosexuality and masculinity do not imply each other and, most
speculatively, when and how gay men are considered masculine.
As I Am: An Oral History of Gay Male Athletes at Dartmouth
Brad Rathgeber is a graduate student in Dartmouth College's
interdisciplinary liberal studies program. He compiles oral
histories that focus on the interplay of sport and society. Brad
completed his undergraduate work at the University of North Carolina
at Chapel Hill, where he was a Morehead Scholar.
Through narrative, "As I Am: And Oral History of Gay Male Athletes
at Dartmouth College" explores the changing sport and cultural
attitudes toward gay male athletes at Dartmouth College. Six
Dartmouth athletes-- current and past, representing a variety of
sports from diving to lacrosse-- share their voices for this oral
history. Their stories touch on: coming out to coaches and
teammates; reconciling identities of "gay" and "athlete"; competing
as out athletes; and other issues relevant to collegiate-sport life,
Stories in this oral history show a dynamic change that is occurring
on one college campus. And by sharing their stories and anecdotes,
these men hope to add to abilities of future men to venture out of
the closet: by adding their voice, they aid the struggling, closeted
gay-athletes at Dartmouth and perhaps beyond.